Environmental Health & Safety/Radiation Safety Section
Radiation Safety Survey Information
The Radiation Safety section
of OEHS works to ensure that all radiation safety regulations set forth
by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and
VCU are faithfully observed. These regulations require routine inspections
of laboratories using or storing radioactive material. Here at VCU,
the Radiation Safety staff conducts a survey of each of these laboratories
on a quarterly basis. The following is a list of the records and
radiation safety procedures that are evaluated by Radiation Safety personnel
during each survey:
Notices to OEHS
Radioisotope Receipt &
Use: A record of each receipt and use of radioactive material
is required on the "Radioisotope
Receipt/Use/Disposal Record" form.
Radioactive Waste Disposal:
Waste Disposal Form" must be completed before waste is brought to Radiation
Safety for disposal. Maintain a copy of the completed form in the
Radioisotope Log Book as a record of the waste disposal.
Monitoring or Swipe Surveys:
A swipe survey of radioisotope work and storage areas is required once
each calendar week that radioactive material is used. In addition
to swipe surveys, survey meters are recommended to monitor work and storage
areas and personnel (but cannot substitute for swipe surveys).
Quarterly Inventory Report:
An inventory of all radioactive material stored in the laboratory is required
as a part of each quarterly survey. This inventory is given to laboratory
personnel at the time of the survey and must be returned to Radiation Safety
within 2 weeks.
Laboratory Labeling and Posting
Radiation Worker Statements:
All radiation workers are required to attend one of the radiation
safety lectures which are held monthly. "Radiation Worker Statements"
will be distributed during the lecture. By signing this statement,
the radiation worker indicates that he/she has received instruction in
radiation safety procedures and that the potential risks of working with
radiation have been explained.
Safety Orientation Test: All radiation workers are required
to read the "Radiation
Safety Guide" and take the open-book test before assuming duties using
radioactive material. The completed test is mailed to the Radiation
Safety section at Box 980112 as documentation of training.
Room changes: Changes
in location of radionuclide use and/or storage must be submitted to the
Radiation Safety section using the authorization
amendment request form.
Radioisotope Work Areas:
Caution labels must be posted in radionuclide work areas such as lab benches,
Equipment, Containers and Animal
Cages: Equipment, waste containers, animal cages, and storage areas
containing radioactive materials must be posted with the appropriate caution
Other required notices:
The Radiation Safety section will post room entrance signs, required NRC
notices, emergency spill procedures and "No Eating, Drinking, and Smoking"
To comply with the applicable regulations, radioactive material must be
secured from unauthorized removal or access unless under constant surveillance
by an authorized individual.
Radioactive Waste Storage
and Disposal: Solid waste must be stored in plastic bags within
containers with secure lids. Liquid waste must be stored in plastic
or glass containers. Glass containers must be placed in protective
containers before transport for disposal. All radioactive waste containers
must be labeled with "Radioactive Waste - Do Not Empty" signs, which are
available in the Radiation Safety section.
Protection of work surfaces:
Plastic backed absorbent paper or other suitable material is required to
protect the work surfaces in radioisotope use areas.
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Geiger Counter Survey:
The Radiation Safety section will survey the areas where radioactive material
is used or stored with an appropriate survey meter. Asterisks (*)
on the room diagram indicate the presence of contaminated areas.
Swipe Survey: OEHS
will perform a swipe survey of areas where radioactive material is used
or stored. Numbers on the room diagram designate the areas where
swipes are taken. Circles are drawn around the swipe numbers to indicate
areas where radioactive contamination is detected.
Eating, Drinking, Smoking,
Food Utensils, and Cosmetics: Eating, drinking, smoking, storage
of food and/or beverage utensils, and the use of cosmetics are prohibited
in rooms where radioactive material is used or stored. Triangles
are drawn on the room diagram to designate these problem areas in the laboratory.