============================================================================== REFERENCES * REFERENCES * REFERENCES * REFERENCES * REFERENCES * REFERENCES * REFERENCES ==============================================================================

TAXONOMY

Alvarez SB, Bazan GI, Wenzel MT (1993). Woronichinia elorantae Komarek, J and Komarkova-Legenerova a new record from Argentina and South America. Phys Sec B Aguas Continent Organism 51:23-24 (Spanish)

Billi D, Caiola MG (1996). Effects of nitrogen limitation and starvation on Chroococcidiopsis sp. (Chroococcales). New Phytol 133:563-571

Bolch CJS, Blackburn SI (1996). Isolation and purification of Australian isolates of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa Kutz. J Appl Phycol 8:5-13

Bolch CJ, Blackburn SI, Neilan BA, Grewe PM (1996). Genetic characterization of strains of cyanobacteria using PCR-RFLP of the cpcBA intergenic spacer and flanking regions. J Phycol 32:445-451

Branco LHZ, Sant'anna CL, Azevedo MTDP, Sormus L (1996). Cyanophyte flora from Cardoso Island mangroves, Sao Paulo State, Brazil: 1. Chroococcales. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl 112:99-111

Erdugan H, Aysel V, Guner H (1996). Marine algae between Rize and Sarp, Black Sea, Turkey. Turk J Bot 20(Suppl.):103-108 (Turkish)

Garcia-Pichel F, Prufert-Bebout L, Muyzer G (1996). Phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses show Microcoleus chthonoplastes to be a cosmopolitan cyanobacterium. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:3284-3291

Kebede E, Willen E (1996). Anabaenopsis abijatae, a new cyanophyte from Lake Abijata, an alkaline, saline lake in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl 112:1-8

Leitao MS, Santos MF, Sergio C, Ormonde J, Carvalho GM (1996). Cryptogams in the atmosphere at Coimbra, Portugal. Anal Jardin Bot Madrid 54:3036 (Portuguese)

N'Yeurt ADR, South GR, Keats DW (1996). A revised checklist of the benthic marine algae of the Fiji Island, South Pacific (including the Island of Rotuma). Micronesica 29:49-98

Pinevich AV, Gavrilova OV, Saitseva AA, Averina SG, Usova TV (1997). Pseudanabaena sp., a brown-pigmented cyanophyte (cyanobacterium)with the phycobilisomes of uncommon type. Algol Studies (accepted)

Potts M (1997). Etymology of the genus name Nostoc (cyanobacteria). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47:584

Voloshko LN, Mamkaeva KA, Gromov BV (1996). Characterization of

Mastigocladus laminosus var. indica (Cyanophyceae, Stigonematales) in culture. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl 112:123-127

Watanabe M (1996). Studies on planktonic blue-green algae 7. Anabaena pseudocompacta sp. nov. from eutrophic lakes in central Japan. Bull Natl Sci Museum B 22:93-97

Watanabe MM, Sawaguchi T (1995). Cryopreservation of a water-bloom forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa f. aeruginosa. Phycol Res 43:111-116

Wenzel MT, Alvarez SB, Bazan GI (1993). Preliminary studies of the Cyanophyceae from Casa de Piedra Dum (La Pampa, Province). Argentina. Phys Sec B Aguas Continent Organism 51:9-16 (Spanish)

EVOLUTION and PROCHLOROPHYTES

Delwiche CF, Palmer JD (1996). Rampant horizontal transfer and duplication of rubisco genes in eubacteria and plastids. Molec Biol Evol 13:873882

Gegenheimer P (1995). Structure, mechanism and evolution of chloroplast transfer RNA processing systems. Molec Biol Rep 22:147-150

Mimuro M (1996). Phylogeny and evolution of proteins functioning in algal photosynthetic systems. Jap J Phycol 44:75-86 (Japanese)

Mushegian AR, Koonin EV (1996). Gene order is not conserved in bacterial evolution. Trends Genet 12:289-290

Pietrokovski S (1996). A new intein in cyanobacteria and its significance for the spread of inteins. Trends Genet 12:287-288

Pinevich AV (1994). Membrane system pattern as applied to cytological conceptualism: is the prokaryote-(eu)karyote dichotomy to be rejected? Endocyt Cell Res 10:159-163

Stiller JW, Hall BD (1997). The origin of red algae: Implications for plastid evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:4520-4525

Tanaka K, Oikawa K, Ohta N, Kuroiwa H, Kuroiwa T, Takahashi H (1996). Nuclear encoding of a chloroplast RNA polymerase sigma subunit in a red alga. Science 272:1932-1935

Hess WR, Partensky F, Van DSGWM, Garcia FJM, Borner T, Vaulot D (1996). Coexistence of phycoerythrin and a chlorophyll a/b antenna in a marine prokaryote. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:11126-11130

Palenik B, Swift H (1996). Cyanobacterial evolution and prochlorophyte diversity as seen in DNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene sequences. J Phycol 32:638-646

Pinevich AV, Matthijs HCP, Gavrilova OV, Averina SG, Velichko NV (1996). New ultrastructural aspects of membranes and cell inclusions in Prochlorothrix hollandica (Prochlorales, Cyanobacteria). Microbios 87:217-225

ECOLOGY

Adhikary SP (1996). Ecology of freshwater and terrestrial cyanobacteria. J Sci Ind Res 55:753-762

Adhikary SP, Satapathy DP (1996). Tolypothrix byssoidea (Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria) from temple rock surfaces of coastal Orissa, India. Nov Hedwig 62:419-423

Antoine SE, Antoine R (1996). Sediment characteristics and epipelic algal population dynamics of the River Usk, South Wales, UK. Limnol 26:235243

Ayukai T (1996). Possible limitation of the dilution technique for estimating growth and grazing mortality rates of picoplanktonic cyanobacteria in oligotrophic tropical waters. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 198:101-111

Beklioglu M, Moss B (1996). Mesocosm experiments on the interaction of sediment influence, fish predation and aquatic plants with the structure of phytoplankton and zooplankton communities. Freshwater Biol 36:315-325

Blanchot J, Rodier M (1996). Picophytoplankton abundance and biomass in the western tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1992 El Nino year: Results from flow cytometry. Deep-Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers 43:877-895

Bowling LC, Baker PD (1996). Major cyanobacterial bloom in the BarwonDarling River, Australia, in 1991, and underlying limnological conditions. Marine Freshwat Res 47:643-657

Brown II, Sirenko LA (1997). The role of the sodium cycle of energy coupling in the emergence and persistence of natural foci of modern cholera. Biochem (Moscow) 62:225-230

Calijuri MC, Santos ACAD (1996). Short-term changes in the Barra Bonita reservoir (Sao Paulo, Brazil): Emphasis on the phytoplankton communities. Hydrobiol 330:163-175

Carmouze JP, Sampaio CD, Domingos P (1996). Evolution of the pools of organic matter and nutrients in a Brazilian lagoon during a fish kill period. Rev Hydrobiol Tropicale 27:217-234 (French)

Che LM, Campion-Alsumard TL, Boury-Esnault N, Payri C, Golubic S, Bezac C (1996). Biodegradation of shells of the black pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera var. cumingii, by microborers and sponges of French Polynesia. Marine Biol 126:509-519

Chen W, Nauwerck A (1996). A note on composition and feeding of the crustacean zooplankton of Lake Taihu, Jiangsu Province, China. Limnol 26:275-279

Claps MC (1996). Structure and dynamics of epipelic algae from a plain river (Samborombon River, Buenos Aires, Argentina). Arch Hydrobiol 137:251-263

Currin CA, Joye SB, Paerl HW (1996). Diel rates of N-2-fixation and denitrification in a transplanted Spartina alterniflora Marsh: Implications for N-flux dynamics. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 42:597-616

Davis JS, Hein MK, Millgate JE (1996). Cladophora (green algae) balls and Phormidium (blue-green algae) mounds from permanently hypersaline water. Florida Scientist 59:169-173

Dodds WK, Gudder DA, Mollenbauer D (1995). The ecology of Nostoc. J Phycol 31:2-18 (English)

Druvietis I (1995). Phytoplankton periodicity in different trophic state Lakes in Latvia. Proc Latv Acad Sci B:98-100

El-Bestawy E, Bellinger EG, Sigee DC (1996). Elemental composition of phytoplankton in a subtropical lake: X-ray microanalytical studies on the dominant algae Spirulina platensis (Cyanophyta) and Cyclotella meneghiniana (Bacillariophyceae). Eur J Phycol 31:157-166

Epp GT (1996). Grazing on filamentous cyanobacteria by Daphnia pulicaria. Limnol Oceanogr 41:560-567

Evans JC, Prepas EE (1996). Potential effects of climate change on ion chemistry and phytoplankton communities in prairie saline lakes. Limnol Oceanogr 41:1063-1076

Fabbro LD, Duivenvoorden LJ (1996). Profile of a bloom of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) seenaya and Subba Raju in the Fitzroy River in tropical central Queensland. Marine Freshwat Res 47:685-694

Faust MA, Gulledge RA (1996). Associations of microalgae and meiofauna in floating detritus at a mangrove island, Twin Cays, Belize. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 197:159-175

Fernandez M, Merino V, Garcia J, Hernandez-Marine M (1996). Cyanoprokaryota and algal flora from Punta de la Mora (Tarragona, E Spain). Folia Bot Misc 10:21-46 (Spanish)

Findlay DL, Kasian SEM (1996). The effect of incremental pH recovery on the Lake 223 phytoplankton community. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:856-864

Frigaard NU, Larsen KL, Cox RP (1996). Spectrochromatography of photosynthetic pigments as a fingerprinting technique for microbial phototrophs. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 20:69-77

Giovannoni SJ, Rappe MS, Vergin KL, Adair NL (1996). 16S rRNA genes reveal stratified open ocean bacterioplankton populations related to the green non-sulfur bacteria. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:7979-7984

Gokpinar S, Cirik S, Sunlu U, Metin C (1996). Phytoplankton and fisheries in Karine Lagoon. Turk J Biol 20(Suppl.):87-97

Goma RH, Aizaki M, Fukushima T, Otsuki A (1996). Significance of zooplankton grazing activity as a source of dissolved organic nitrogen, urea and dissolved free amino acids in a eutrophic shallow lake: Experiments using outdoor continuous flow pond systems. Jap J Limnol 57:1-13

Grotzinger JP, Rothman DH (1996). An abiotic model for stromatolite morphogenesis. Nature 383:423-425

Gu B, Alexander V (1996). Stable carbon isotope evidence for atmospheric CO2 uptake by cyanobacterial surface scums in a eutrophic lake. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1803-1804

Gu B, Schelske CL, Brenner M (1996). Relationship between sediment and plankton isotope ratios (D13C and D15N) and primary productivity in Florida lakes. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:875-883

Habicht KS, Canfield DE (1996). Sulphur isotope fractionation in modern microbial mats and the evolution of the sulphur cycle. Nature 382:342-343

Harris GP, Baxter G (1996). Interannual variability in phytoplankton biomass and species composition in a subtropical reservoir. Freshwater Biol 35:545-560

Havens KE, Aumen NG, James RT, Smith VH (1996). Rapid ecological changes in a large subtropical lake undergoing cultural eutrophication. Ambio 25:150-155

Haworth EY, Pinder LC V, Lishman JP, Duigan CA (1996). The Anglesey lakes, Wales, UK: A palaeolimnological study of the eutrophication and nature conservation status. Aquat Conserv 6:61-80

Heaney SI, Parker JE, Butterwick C, Clarke KJ (1996). Interannual variability of algal populations and their influence on lake metabolism. Freshwater Biol 35:561-577

Hickman M, Schweger CE (1996). The late quaternary palaeoenvironmental history of a presently deep freshwater lake in east-central Alberta, Canada and palaeoclimate implications. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 123:161-178

Holopainen AL, Huttunen P, Letanskaya GI, Protopopova EV (1996). The trophic state of Lake Ladoga as indicated by late summer phytoplankton. Hydrobiol 322:9-16

Ibelings BW (1996). Changes in photosynthesis in response to combined irradiance and temperature stress in cyanobacterial surface waterblooms. J Phycol 32:549-557

Karnieli A, Sarafis V (1996). Reflectance spectrophotometry of cyanobacteria within soil crusts: A diagnostic tool. Int J Remote Sensing 17:1609-1615

Kassim TI, Sabri AW, Al-Lami AA, Abood SM (1996). The impacts of sewage treatment plant on phytoplankton of Diyala and Tigris rivers. J Environ Sci Health A 31:1067-1088

Klochenko PD, Medved' VA (1996). Some peculiarities of chlorophyll a and inorganic compound dynamics in the water environment during the period of algae vegetation. Gidrobiologicheskii Zhurnal 32:48-53 (Russian)

Knowlton MF, Jones JR (1996). Nutrient addition experiments in a nitrogenlimited high plains reservoir where nitrogen-fixing algae seldom bloom. J Freshwater Ecol 11:123-130

Komarkova J, Hejzlar J (1996). Summer maxima of phytoplankton in the Rimov reservoir in relation to hydrologic parameters and phosphorus loading. Arch Hydrobiol 136:217-236

Krestin S V, Rozenberg GS (1996). About one of the mechanisms of "flowering of water" in flat tape reservoir. Biofizika 41:650-654 (Russian)

Krienitz L, Kasprzak P, Koschel R (1996). Long term study on the influence of eutrophication, restoration and biomanipulation on the structure and development of phytoplankton communities in Feldberger Haussee (Baltic Lake District, Germany). Hydrobiol 330:89-110

Levich AP (1996). The role of nitrogen-phosphorus ratio in selecting for dominance of phytoplankton by cyanobacteria or green algae and its application to reservoir management. J Aquat Ecosyst Health 5:55-61

Lin HJ, Nixon SW, Taylor DI, Granger SL, Buckley BA (1996). Responses of epiphytes on eelgrass, Zostera marina L., to separate and combined nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment. Aquatic Bot 52:243-258

Lopez-Rodriguez MD, Perez-Cirera JL (1996). Cyanophyta in environments affected by industrial pollution in the north-western Iberian Peninsula. Anal Jardin Bot Madrid 54:43-49 (Spanish)

Lukesova A, Hoffmann L (1996). Soil algae from acid rain impacted forest areas of the Krusne hory Mts. 1: Algal communities. Vegetatio 125:123-136

Macintyre HL, Geider RJ, Miller DC (1996). Microphytobenthos: The ecological role of the "Secret Garden" of unvegetated, shallow-water marine habitats: I. Distribution, abundance and primary production. Estuaries 19:186-201

Menezes M, Domingos P (1996). Planktonic flora of a tropical lagoon (Brazil). Rev Hydrobiol Tropicale 27:273-297 (French)

Nagata T, Takai K, Kawabata KI, Nakanishi M, Urabe J (1996). The trophic transfer via a picoplankton-flagellate-copepod food chain during a picocyanobacterial bloom in Lake Biwa. Arch Hydrobiol 137:145-160

Neuman CM, Maxwell CD, Boulton JW (1996). Wind transport of sand surfaces crusted with photoautotrophic microorganisms. Catena 27:229-247

Ning XR, Vaulot D (1996). Simultaneous estimates of Synechococcus spp. growth and grazing mortality rates in the English Channel. Chinese J Oceanol Limnol 14:8-16

Noguerol-Seoane A, Rifon-Lastra AB (1996). On the epilithic phycoflora of monuments in north-western Spain. A study of the Samos Monastery (Lugo). Anal Jardin Bot Madrid 54:37-42 (Spanish)

Odebrecht C, Djurfeldt L (1996). The role of nearshore mixing on phytoplankton size structure off Cape Santa Marta Grande, southern Brazil (Spring 1989). Arch Fishery Mar Res 43:217-230

Paerl HW, Fitzpatrick M, Bebout BM (1996). Seasonal nitrogen fixation dynamics in a marine microbial mat: Potential roles of cyanobacteria and microheterotrophs. Limnol Oceanogr 41:419-427

Pentecost A (1995). Significance of the biomineralizing microniche in a Lyngbya (Cyanobacterium) travertine. Geomicrobiol J 13:213-222

Phillips A, Lambert G, Granger JE, Steinke TD (1996). Vertical zonation of epiphytic algae associated with Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. pneumatophores at beechwood mangroves nature reserve, Durban, South Africa. Botanica Marina 39:167-175

Porter KG, Saunders PA, Haberyan KA, Macubbin AE, Jacobsen TR, Hodson RE (1996). Annual cycle of autotrophic and heterotrophic production in a small, monomictic Piedmont lake (Lake Oglethorpe): Analog for the effects of climatic warming on dimictic lakes. Limnol Oceanogr 41:1041-1051

Presing M, Herodek S, Voros L, Kobor I (1996). Nitrogen fixation, ammonium and nitrate uptake during a bloom of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in Lake Balaton. Arch Hydrobiol 136:553-562

Proulx M, Pick FR, Mazumder A, Hamilton PB, Lean DRS (1996). Effect of nutrients and planktivorous fish on the phytoplankton of shallow and deep aquatic systems. Ecol 77:1556-1572

Ramirez JJ (1996). Autecology of Cyanocatena bicudoi sp. nova, a new Cyanophycea from Parque Norte lagoon, Colombia. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl 112:21-34

Sevrin-Reyssac J, Pletikosic M (1990). Cyanobacteria in fish ponds. Aquacult 88:1-20

Shabana YM, Charudattan R (1996). Microorganisms associated with hydrilla in ponds and lakes in North Florida. J Aquatic Plant Management 34:60-68

Sloth NP, Riemann B, Nielsen LP, Blackburn TH (1996). Resilience of pelagic and benthic microbial communities to sediment resuspension in a coastal ecosystem, Knebel Vig, Denmark. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 42:405-415

Sorokin YI, Ghelli F (1996). Dynamics of inorganic phosphate in pelagic communities of lagoonal ecosystem, transformed under the influence of eutrophication. Dokl Akad Nauk 347:427-430 (Russian)

Sorokin YI, Sorokin PY (1996). Plankton and primary production in the Lena River Estuary and in the southern-eastern Laptev Sea. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 43:399-418

Sorokin YI, Sorokin PY, Gnes A (1996). Ecological catastrophe in the Comacchio Lagoons (Italy) induced by quasi-permanent "bloom" of picocyanobacteria. Dokl Akad Nauk 347:570-573 (Russian)

Sorokin YI, Sorokin PY, Gnes A (1996). Structure and functioning of the anthropogenically transformed Comacchio lagoonal ecosystem (Ferrara, Italy). Marine Ecol Progr Ser 133:57-71

Stal LJ, Behrens SB, Villbrandt M, van Bergeijk S, Kruyning F (1996). The biogeochemistry of two eutrophic marine lagoons and its effect on microphytobenthic communities. Hydrobiol 329:185-198

Thompson RC, Wilson BJ, Tobin ML, Hill AS, Hawkins SJ (1996). Biologically generated habitat provision and diversity of rocky shore organisms at a hierarchy of spatial scales. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 202:73-84

Trave A, Serra KJ, Zamarreno I (1996). Paleoecological interpretation of transitional environments in Eocene carbonates (NE Spain). Palaios 11:141-160

Vinebrooke RD, Leavitt PR (1996). Effects of ultraviolet radiation on periphyton in an alpine lake. Limnol Oceanogr 41:1035-1040

Visser PM, Ibelings BW, van der Veer B, Koedood J, Mur LR (1996). Artificial mixing prevents nuisance blooms of the cyanobacterium Microcystis in Lake Nieuwe Meer, the Netherlands. Freshwater Biol 36:435-450

Vlaski A, van Breemen AN, Alaerts GJ (1996). The algae problem in the Netherlands from a water treatment perspective. Aqua 45:184-194

Watanabe M (1996). Studies on planktonic blue-green algae 6. Bloom-forming species in Lake Biwa (Japan) in the summer of 1994. Bull Natl Sci Museum B 22:1-10

Woitke P, Schiwietz T, Teubner K, Kohl JG (1996). Annual profiles of photosynthetic lipophilic pigments in four freshwater lakes in relation to phytoplankton counts as well as to nutrient data. Arch Hydrobiol 137:363-384

Yelloly JM, Whitton BA (1996). Seasonal changes in ambient phosphate and phosphatase activities of the cyanobacterium Rivularia atra in intertidal pools at Tyne Sands, Scotland. Hydrobiol 325:201-212

Yoshida Y, Nakahara H, Kuwae A (1996). Mechanisms on the occurrence of Microcystis bloom at harbors in the north Basin of Lake Biwa. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 62:230-235

Yoshida Y, Okino T (1996). Relationships between the occurrence of Microcystis bloom and DON:DIN ratios in Lake Suwa. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 62:631-637 (Japanese)

Yuan XL, Wang QF, Zhang Y (1993). Late Precambrian Weng'an Biota from Guizhou, southwest China. Acta Micropalaeontol Sinica 10:409-420

Zhang Y, Prepas EE (1996). Regulation of the dominance of planktonic diatoms and cyanobacteria in four eutrophic hardwater lakes by nutrients, water column stability, and temperature. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:621-633

Zhang Y, Prepas EE (1996). Short-term effects of Ca(OH)-2 additions on phytoplankton biomass: A comparison of laboratory and in situ experiments. Water Res 30:1285-1294

Zhang Y, Tian Y, Zhang X (1995). Studies on phytoplankton in Lake Baiyangdian. Acta Hydrobiol Sinica 19:317-326 (Chinese)

SYMBIOSIS

Bewley CA, Holland ND, Faulkner DJ (1996). Two classes of metabolites from Theonella swinhoei are localized in distinct populations of bacterial symbionts. Experien 52:716-722

de las Heras J, Herranz JM, Guerra J (1996). The role of bryophytes in the nitrogen dynamics of soils affected by fire in Mediterranean forests (southeastern Spain). Ecosci 3:199-204

de los Rios A, Ramirez R, Estevez P (1996). Polygalacturonase isozymes in the cyanolichen Peltigera canina. J Plant Physiol 147:637-640

Gehrig H, Schuessler A, Kluge M (1996). Geosiphon pyriforme, a fungus forming endocytobiosis with Nostoc (Cyanobacteria) is an ancestral member of the glomales: Evidence by SSU rRNA analysis. J Molec Evol 43:71-81

Jeyasingh DEP, Kumarasamy D (1995). Aphanocapsa Nageli in symbiosis with Cycas beddomei Dyer. Phytomorph 45:247-251

Knight CD, Adams DG (1996). A method for studying chemotaxis in nitrogen fixing cyanobacterium-plant symbioses. Physiol Molec Plant Pathol 49:73-77

Leisner JMR, Bilger W, Lange OL (1996). Chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of the cyanobacterial lichen Peltigera rufescens under field conditions. Flora 191:261-273

Palmqvist K, Badger MR (1996). Carbonic anhydrase(s) associated with lichens: In vivo activities, possible locations and putative roles. New Phytol 132:627-639

Rai AN, Borthakur M, Paul D (1996). Symbiotic cyanobacteria: Biotechnological applications. J Sci Ind Res 55:742-752

Rasmussen U, Johansson C, Renglin A, Petersson C, Bergman B (1996). A molecular characterization of the Gunnera-Nostoc symbiosis: Comparison with Rhizobium- and Agrobacterium-plant interactions. New Phytol 133:391-398

Silvester WB, Parsons R, Watt PW (1996). Direct measurement of release and assimilation of ammonia in the Gunnera-Nostoc symbiosis. New Phytol 132:617-625

Zenkteler EK (1995). Micropropagation of Polypodium vulgare L. by rhizome explants. Bull Polish Acad Sci Biol Sci 43:77-84

TOXINS and NATURAL SUBSTANCES

Annila A, Lehtimaki J, Mattila K, Eriksson JE, Sivonen K, Rantala TT, Drakenberg T (1996). Solution structure of nodularin: An inhibitor of serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatases. J Biol Chem 271:16695-16702

Arment AR, Carmichael WW (1996). Evidence that microcystin is a thiotemplate product. J Phycol 32:591-597

Bagchi SN (1996). Cyanobacterial toxins. J Sci Ind Res 55:715-727

Chen G, Yu S, Wei G, et al. (1996). Studies on microcystin contents in different drinking water in highly endemic area of liver cancer. Zhonghua Yufang Yixue Zazhi 30:6-9

Conte ED, Conway SC, Miller DW, Perschbacher PW (1996). Determination of methylisoborneol in channel catfish pond water by solid phase extraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Water Res 30:2125-2127

de Muys JM, Rej R, Nguyen D, Go B, Fortin S, Lavallee JF (1996). Synthesis and in vitro cytotoxicity of crytophycins and related analogs. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 6:1111-1116

Gromov BV, Vepritsky AA, Mamkaeva KA, Voloshko LN (1996). A survey of toxicity of cyanobacterial blooms in Lake Ladoga and adjacent water bodies. Hydrobiol 322:149-151

Hagmann L, Juettner F (1996). Fischerellin A, a novel photosystem-IIinhibiting allelochemical of the cyanobacterium Fischerella muscicola with antifungal and herbicidal activity. Tetrahedron Lett 37:65396542

Harada KI, Murata H, Qiang Z, Suzuki M, Kondo F (1996). Mass spectrometric screening method for microcystins in cyanobacteria. Toxicon 34:701710

He J, Li L, Yu J, Zhao Y, Liu Y (1996). Preliminary studies on a Chinese new record of blue-green algae: Microcystis wesenbergii and its toxicity. Acta Hydrobiol Sinica 20:192-194 (Chinese)

Hemscheidt T, Rapala J, Sivonen K, Skulberg OM (1995). Biosynthesis of anatoxin-a in Anabaena flos-aquae and homoanatoxin-a in Oscillatoria formosa. J Chem Soc, Chem Commun:1361-1362

Ishida K, Matsuda H, Murakami M, Yamaguchi K (1996). Kawaguchipeptin A, a novel cyclic undecapeptide from cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa (NIES-88). Tetrahedron 52:9025-9030

Jakobi C, Rinehart KL, Codd GA, Carmienke I, Weckesser J (1996). Occurrence of toxic water blooms containing microcystins in a German lake over a three year period. Syst Appl Microbiol 19:249-254

James KJ, Sherlock IR (1996). Determination of the cyanobacterial neurotoxin, anatoxin-a, by derivatisation using 7-fluoro-4-nitro2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) and HPLC analysis with fluorimetric detection. Biomed Chromatogr 10:46-47

Kaya K, Sano T, Beattie KA, Codd GA (1996). Nostocyclin, a novel 3-amino6-hydroxy-2-piperidone-containing cyclic depsipeptide from the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. Tetrahedron Lett 37:6725-6728

Klein D, Braekman JC, Daloze D, Hoffmann L, Demoulin V (1996). Laingolide, a novel 15-membered macrolide from Lyngbya bouillonii (Cyanophyceae). Tetrahedron Lett 37:7519-7520

Lai JY, Yu J, Mekonnen B, Falck JR (1996). Synthesis of curacin A, an antimitotic cyclopropane-thiazoline from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Tetrahedron Lett 37:7167-7170

Lambert TW, Holmes CFB, Hrudey SE (1996). Absorption of microcystin-LR by activated carbon and removal in full scale water treatment. Water Res 30:1411-1422

Llopiz P, Juergens UJ, Rohmer M (1996). Prokaryotic triterpenoids: Bacteriohopanetetrol glycuronosides from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 6907. FEMS Microbiol Lett 140:199202

Mansell HL (1996). Synthetic approaches to anatoxin-a. Tetrahedron 52:6025-6061

Mazumder PK, Dube SN (1996). Marine toxins as molecular probes for biological interactions: A review. Ind J Physiol Allied Sci 50:34-47 Nagai H, Yasumoto T, Hokama Y (1996). Aplysiatoxin and debromoaplysiatoxin

as the causative agents of a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia poisoning in Hawaii. Toxicon 34:753-761

Nagle DG, Paul VJ, Roberts MA (1996). Ypaoamide, a new broadly acting feeding deterrent from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Tetrahedron Lett 37:6263-6266

Parsons PJ, Camp NP, Underwood JM, Harvey DM (1996). Tandem reactions of anions: A short and efficient route to racemic anatoxin-a. Tetrahedron 52:11637-11642

Rao PVL, Bhaskar ASB, Bhattacharya R (1996). Effects of nutrient media and culture duration on growth, macromolecular composition and toxicity in batch cultures of Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbios 86:95-104

Sano T, Kaya K (1996). Oscillatorin, a chymotrypsin inhibitor from toxic Oscillatoria agardhii. Tetrahedron Lett 37:6873-6876

Sathiyamoorthy P, Shanmugasundarm S (1995) Screening for biologically active compounds from S. Indian cyanobacterial cultures. In: Internatl. Symp. Swi. Biomed. Res. University of Maryland, Maryland,U.S.A.

Shin HJ, Matsuda H, Murakami M, Yamaguchi K (1996). Agardhipeptins A and B, two new cyclic hepta- and octapeptide, from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria agardhii (NIES-204). Tetrahedron 52:13129-13136

Shin HJ, Murakami M, Matsuda H, Yamaguchi K (1996). Microviridins D-F, serine protease inhibitors from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria agardhii (NIES-204). Tetrahedron 52:8159-8168

Skulberg OM (1996) Toxins produced by cyanophytes in Norwegian inland waters -- health and environment. In: Chemical data as a basis of geomedical investigations. Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, Norway

Tsuji K, Setsuda S, Watanuki T, Kondo F, Nakazawa H, Suzuki M, Harada KI (1996). Microcystin levels during 1992-95 for Lakes Sagami and Tsukui-Japan. Natural Toxins 4:189-194

Ueno Y, Nagata S, Tsutsumi T, Hasegawa A, Watanabe MF, Park HD, Chen GC, Chen G, Yi SZ (1996). Detection of microcystins, a blue-green algal hepatotoxin in drinking water sampled in Haimen and Fusui, endemic areas of primary liver cancer in China, by highly sensitive immunoassay. Carcinogen 17:1317-1321

Utkilen H, Skulberg OM, Underdal B, Gjlme N, Skulberg R, Kotai J (1996). The rise and fall of a toxigenic population of Microcystis aeruginosa (cyanophyceae/cyanobacteria) -- a decade of observations in Lake Akersvatnet, Norway. Phycol 35:189-197

Wagner B, Beugelmans R, Zhu J (1996). Synthesis of hapalosin and 8-deoxyhapalosin. Tetrahedron Lett 37:6557-6560

Weckesser J, Martin C, Jakobi C (1996). Cyanopeptolins, depsipeptides from cyanobacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 19:133-138

TOXINS and NATURAL SUBSTANCES (Physiological Effects)

Aas P, Eriksen S, Kolderup J, Lundy P, Haugen John-E, Skulberg OM, Fonnum F (1996). Enhancement of acetylcholine release by homoanatoxin-a from Oscillatoria formosa. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2:223-232

Abe T, Lawson T, Weyers JDB, Codd GA (1996). Microcystin-LR inhibits photosynthesis of Phaseolus vulgaris primary leaves: Implications for current spray irrigation practice. New Phytol 133:651-658

Azevedo SMFD, Carmouze JP (1996). Mortality of fishes in a tropical coastal lagoon (Brazil) during a bloom of Cyanophyta: Coincidence or consequence? Rev Hydrobiol Tropicale 27:265-272 (French)

Bury NR, Eddy FB, Codd GA (1996). Stress responses of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., to the cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Environ Toxicol Water Qual 11:187-193

Carbis CR, Rawlin GT, Mitchell GF, Anderson JW, McCauley I (1996). The histopathology of carp, Cyprinus carpio L., exposed to microcystins by gavage, immersion and intraperitoneal administration. J Fish Dis 19:199-207

de Mule MCZ, de Caire GZ, de Cano MS (1996). Bioactive substances from Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria). Phyton (Buenos Aires) 58:93-96

Domingos P, Huszar VLM, Carmouze JP (1996). Composition and biomass of the phytoplanktonic community of a tropical coastal lagoon (Brazil) characterized by a fish mortality. Rev Hydrobiol Tropicale 27:235-250 (French)

Filali-Mouhim R, Hours M (1995). Antiviral activities of sulfated polysaccharides. Acta Bot Gallica 142:125-130 (French)

Hayakawa Y, Hayashi T, Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Ozawa T, Niiya K, Sakuragawa N (1996). Heparin cofactor II-dependent antithrombin activity of calcium spirulan. Blood Coagul Fibrinol 7:554-560

Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Kojima I (1996). A natural sulfated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan, isolated from Spirulina platensis: In vitro and ex vivo evaluation of anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-human immunodeficiency virus activities. AIDS Res Hum Retrovir 12:1463-1471

Mohan VR, Kumar V (1995). Induction of growth in the cyanobacterium, Spirulina species by the seaweed extract SM3. Biomed Lett 52:277-279

Sathiyamoorthy P, Shanmugasundaram S (1996). Preparation of cyanobacterial peptide toxin as biopesticide against cotton pest. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (in press)

Shirahashi H, Morimoto T, Nagatsu A, Murakami N, Tatta K, Sakakibara J, Tokuda H, Nishino H (1996). Antitumor-promoting activities of various synthetic 1-O-acyl-3-O-(6'-O-acyl-beta-D-galactopyranosyl)-snglycerols related to natural product from freshwater cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae f. flos-aquae. Chem Pharm Bull Tokyo 44:1404-1406

Smith PT (1996). Toxic effects of blooms of marine species of Oscillatoriales on farmed prawns (Penaeus monodon, Penaeus japonicus) and brine shrimp (Artemia salina). Toxicon 34:857-869

Tokuda H, Nishino H, Shirahashi H, Murakami N, Nagatsu A, Sakakibara J (1996). Inhibition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate promoted mouse skin papilloma by digalactosyl diacylglycerols from the fresh water cyanobacterium Phormidium tenue. Cancer Lett 104:91-95

Vezie C, Sivonen K, Brient L, Bertru G, Lefeuvre JC (1996). Development of toxic cyanobacteria in western France. Detection of toxicity with Artemia salina tests. Annal Limnol 32:123-128 (French)

Wang HB, Zhu HG (1996). Promoting activity of microcystins extracted from waterblooms in SHE cell transformation assay. Biomed Environ Sci 9:46-51

PHYSIOLOGY

Aslanidi KB, Vachadze DM, Zamyatnin AA Jr, Pozharskaya TR, Rochev YA, Selezneva II, Tsyganov MA, Chailakhyan LM (1996). Compartmentation determines the dynamics of multicellular system's growth. Biologicheskie Membrany (Moscow) 13:289-298 (Russian)

Bartsevich V V, Pakrasi HB (1996). Manganese transport in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. J Biol Chem 271:2605726061

Bhaya D (1996). Molecular responses of cyanobacteria to macronutrient limitation. J Sci Ind Res 55:630-637

Brahamsha B (1996). An abundant cell-surface polypeptide is required for swimming by the nonflagellated marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:6504-6509

Ehlers KM, Samuel ADT, Berg HC, Montgomery R (1996). Do cyanobacteria swim using traveling surface waves? Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:8340-8343

Falkner G, Wagner F, Falkner R (1996). The bioenergetic coordination of a complex biological system is revealed by its adaptation to changing environmental conditions. Acta Biotheor 44:283-299

Guo H, Song W, Jin C (1996). A study on the isolation of spheroplasts from 7 species (5 genera) of blue-green algae. Acta Hydrobiol Sinica 20:93-94 (Chinese)

Husaini Y, Rai LC, Mallick N (1996). Impact of aluminium, fluoride and fluoroaluminate complex on ATPase activity of Nostoc linckia and Chlorella vulgaris. Biometals 9:277-283

Husaini Y, Rai LC, Mallick N (1996). Nutrient uptake and its kinetics in Nostoc linckia in presence of aluminium and fluoride at different pH. J Gen Appl Microbiol 42:263-270

Jensen TE (1996). Lack of pinocytotic activity in colloidal-gold, BSA-

gold and concanavalin A-gold exposed cells of Plectonema boryanum and Micrococcus luteus. Cytobios 85:111-130

Jin C, Song L, Li S (1996). The mixotrophic growth of Anabaena sp. HB1017. Acta Hydrobiol Sinica 20:134-137 (Chinese)

Labbe JP, Harricane MC, Boyer M, Derancourt J, Roustan C, Benyamin Y (1996). Biochemical evidence for the presence of an unconventional actin protein in a prokaryotic organism. Comp Biochem Physiol B 114:287-293

Martin BB, Martin DF, Bisnauth LD (1996). A preliminary examination of the effects of a magnetic field on the viability of four algae. Biomed Lett 53:23-28

Navarro F, Florencio FJ (1996). The cyanobacterial thioredoxin gene is required for both photoautotrophic and heterotrophic growth. Plant Physiol 111:1067-1075

Parpais J, Marie D, Partensky F, Morin P, Vaulot D (1996). Effect of phosphorus starvation on the cell cycle of the photosynthetic prokaryote Prochlorococcus spp. Marine Ecol Progr Ser 132:265-274

Rabenstein A, Rethmeier J, Fischer U (1995). Sulphite as intermediate sulphur compound in anaerobic sulphide oxication to thiosulphate by marine cyanobacteria. Z Naturforsch C 50c:769-774

Walsby AE, Avery A (1996). Measurement of filamentous cyanobacteria by image analysis. J Microbiol Methods 26:11-20

Watson GMF, Scanlan DJ, Mann NH (1996). Characterization of the genes encoding a phosphate-regulated two component sensory system in the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803. FEMS Microbiol Lett 142:105-109

Yashiro K, Sakamoto T, Ohmori M (1996). Molecular characterization of an adenylate cyclase gene of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Plant Molec Biol 31:175-181

STRESS RESPONSES

Chen XJ, Guo HL (1995). Complemental effect of osmotic stabilizers and their roles in degradation cell walls on blue-green algae. Acta Bot Sinica 37:786-790

Hagemann M, Richter S, Zuther E, Schoor A (1996). Characterization of a glucosylglycerol-phosphate-accumulating, salt-sensitive mutant of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803. Arch Microbiol 166:83-91

Karsten U (1996). Growth and organic osmolytes of geographically different isolates of Microcoleus chthonoplastes (Cyanobacteria) from benthic microbial mats: Response to salinity change. J Phycol 32:501-506

Mikkat S, Hagemann M, Schoor A (1996). Active transport of glucosylglycerol is involved in salt adaptation of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803. Microbiol (UK) 142:1725-1732

Potts M (1996). The anhydrobiotic cyanobacterial cell. Physiol Plant 97:788-794

Schlesinger P, Belkin S, Boussiba S (1996). Sodium deprivation under alkaline conditions causes rapid death of the filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. J Phycol 32:608-613

Vonshak A, Kancharaksa N, Bunnag B, Tanticharoen M (1996). Role of light and photosynthesis on the acclimation process of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis to salinity stress. J Appl Phycol 8:119-124

Chadd HE, Newman J, Mann NH, Carr NG (1996). Identification of iron superoxide dismutase and a copper/zinc superoxide dismutase enzyme activity within the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH 7803. FEMS Microbiol Lett 138:161-165

Erbe JL, Taylor KB, Hall LM (1996). Expression of mouse metallothionein in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC7942. J Ind Microbiol 17:41-46

Gupta A, Singhal GS (1996). Changes in ultrastructure and inhibition of electron transport activity induced by thallium in Nostoc muscorum. Photosynthetica 32:393-398

Gupta A, Singhal GS (1996). Effect of heavy metals on phycobiliproteins of Anacystis nidulans. Photosynthetica 32:545-548

Gupta A, Singhal GS (1996). Heavy metal induced changes in the spectral properties of Anacystis nidulans. Biol Plant 38:275-280

Hammouda O, Borbely G (1996). Temperature shift induced synthesis of specific 14C-labeled proteins and alterations in light absorption spectrum and photosynthetic activity, in Synechococcus sp. Microbiol Res 151:121-126

Khalil Z (1994). Interactions of nickel, lead and calcium on growth criteria and metabolic aspects in Phormidium fragile. Egypt J Microbiol 29:193-205

Lee LH, Lustigman B (1996). Effect of barium and nickel on the growth of Anacystis nidulans. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 56:985-992

Moffett JW, Brand LE (1996). Production of strong, extracellular Cu chelators by marine cyanobacteria in response to Cu stress. Limnol Oceanogr 41:388-395

Mutsuda M, Ishikawa T, Takeda T, Shigeoka S (1996). The catalaseperoxidase of Synechococcus PCC 7942: Purification, nucleotide sequence analysis and expression in Escherichia coli. Biochem J 316:251-257

Rai LC, Husaini Y, Mallick N (1996). Physiological and biochemical responses of Nostoc linckia to combined effects of aluminium, fluoride and acidification. Environ Exp Bot 36:1-12

Robinson NJ, Wilson JR, Turner JS (1996). Expression of the type 2 metallothionein-like gene MT2 from Arabidopsis thaliana in Zn2+ metallothionein-deficient Synechococcus PCC 7942: Putative role for MT2 in Zn2+ metabolism. Plant Molec Biol 30:1169-1179

Shibata H, Noda T, Ogura Y, Suginaka K, Matsui Y, Ozoe Y, Sawa Y, Kono Y (1996). A soluble-form of pro-oxidant lumazine isolated from cyanobacterial cells generates superoxide anion under near-UV irradiation. Biochim Biophys Acta 1274:129-134

Turner JS, Glands PD, Samson ACR, Robinson NJ (1996). Zn2+-sensing by the cyanobacterial metallothionein repressor SmtB: Different motifs mediate metal-induced protein-DNA dissociation. Nucl Acids Res 24:3714-3721

Eriksson MJ, Clarke AK (1996). The heat shock protein ClpB mediates the development of thermotolerance in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. J Bacteriol 178:4839-4846

Furuki M, Tanaka N, Hiyama T, Nakamoto H (1996). Cloning, characterization and functional analysis of groEL-like gene from thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus vulcanus, which does not form an operon with groES. Biochim Biophys Acta 1294:106-110

Gombos Z, Hideg E, Zsiros O, Wada H, Murata N (1995). The role of lipid desaturation in protection mechanism against temperature stresses. Acta Phytopathol Entomol Hungar 30:89-92

Ishizaki-Nishizawa O, Fujii T, Azuma M, Sekiguchi K, Murata N, Ohtani T, Toguri T (1996). Low-temperature resistance of higher plants is significantly enhanced by a nonspecific cyanobacterial desaturase. Nature Biotechnol 14:1003-1006

Mustardy L, Los DA, Gombos Z, Murata N (1996). Immunocytochemical localization of acyl-lipid desaturases in cyanobacterial cells: Evidence that both thylakoid membranes and cytoplasmic membranes are sites of lipid desaturation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:10524-10527

Panoff Jean-M, Lucas I (1996). Response to cold shock: transcriptional and translational control? Microbiol 142:2985-2986

Pinevich AV (1996). Intracytoplasmic membrane structures in bacteria (a review). Endocyt Cell Res (accepted)

Reddy KJ, Soper BW, Tang J, Bradley RL (1996). Phenotypic variation in exopolysaccharide production in the marine, aerobic nitrogen-fixing unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 12:311-318

Selstam E, Campbell D (1996). Membrane lipid composition of the unusual cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus sp. PCC 7421, which lacks sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol. Arch Microbiol 166:132-135

Varkonyi Z, Zsiros O, Gombos Z (1996). The application of genetically manipulated cyanobacterial strains in the study of glycerolipid unsaturation of photosynthetic membranes in the tolerance of photosynthetic machinery to temperature stresses. J Sci Ind Res 55:658-668

CELL CYCLE and CIRCADIAN RHYTHM

Chen HM, Chien CY, Huang TC (1996). Regulation and molecular structure of a circadian oscillating protein located in the cell membrane of the prokaryote Synechococcus RF-1. Planta 199:520-527

Johnson CH, Golden SS, Ishiura M, Kondo T (1996). Circadian clocks in prokaryotes. Mol Microbiol 21:5-11

Liu Y, Tsinoremas NF, Golden SS, Kondo T, Johnson CH (1996). Circadian expression of genes involved in the purine biosynthetic pathway of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. Mol Microbiol 20:1071-1081

Marie D, Vaulot D, Partensky F (1996). Application of the novel nucleic acid dyes YOYO-1, YO-PRO-1, and PicoGreen for flow cytometric analysis of marine prokaryotes. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1649-1655

Mori T, Binder B, Johnson CH (1996). Circadian gating of cell division in cyanobacteria growing with average doubling times of less than 24 hours. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:10183-10188

Pichard SL, Campbell L, Kang JB, Tabita FR, Paul JH (1996). Regulation of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase gene expression in natural phytoplankton communities: I. Diel rhythms. Marine Ecol Progr Ser 139:257-265

Rensing L, Monnerjahn C (1996). Heat shock proteins and circadian rhythms. Chronobiol Internatl 13:239-250

Tsinoremas NF, Ishiura M, Kondo T, Andersson CR, Tanaka K, Takahashi H, Johnson CH, Golden SS (1996). A sigma factor that modifies the circadian expression of a subset of genes in cyanobacteria. EMBO J 15:2488-2495

Vaulot D, Lebot N, Marie D, Fukai E (1996). Effect of phosphorus on the Synechococcus cell cycle in surface Mediterranean waters during summer. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:2527-2533

NITROGEN METABOLISM and DIFFERENTIATION

Bockholt R, Masephol B, Kruft V, Wittmann-Liebold B, Pistorius EK (1995). Partial amino acid sequence of an L-amino acid oxidase-from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 6301, cloning and DNA sequence analysis of the aoxA gene. Biochim Biophys Acta 1264:289-293

Bockholt R, Scholten-Beck G, Pistorius EK (1996). Construction and partial characterization of an L-amino acid oxidase-free Synechococcus

PCC 7942 mutant and localization of the L-amino acid oxidase in the corresponding wild type. Biochim Biophys Acta 1307:111-121

Kikuchi H, Aichi M, Suzuki I, Omata T (1996). Positive regulation by nitrite of the nitrate assimilation operon in the cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 and Plectonema boryanum. J Bacteriol 178:5822-5825

Liotenberg S, Campbell D, Castets AM, Houmard J, Tandeau de Marsac N

(1996). Modification of the P-II protein in response to carbon and nitrogen availability in filamentous heterocystous cyanobacteria. FEMS Microbiol Lett 144:185-190

Liu KK, Su MJ, Hsueh CR, Gong GC (1996). The nitrogen isotopic composition of nitrate in the Kuroshio water northeast of Taiwan: Evidence for nitrogen fixation as a source of isotopically light nitrate. Marine Chem 54:273-292

Muro-Pastor MI, Reyes JC, Florencio FJ (1996). The NADP+-isocitrate dehydrogenase gene (icd) is nitrogen regulated in cyanobacteria. J Bacteriol 178:4070-4076

Ochoa de Alda JAG, Tapia MI, Llama MJ, Serra JL (1996). Changes in photosynthetic yield, amino acids, and organic acids are induced by ammonium addition to cells of Phormidium laminosum (Cyanophyceae). J Phycol 32:602-608

Ramaswamy KS, Endley S, Golden JW (1996). Nitrate reductase activity and heterocyst suppression on nitrate in Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 require moeA. J Bacteriol 178:3893-3898

Sallal AKJ (1996). The presence of glutamine synthetase in the thylakoids of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum. J Basic Microbiol 36:113-119

Singh BB, Pandey PK, Singh S, Bisen PS (1996). Evidence for the nitrate assimilation-dependent nitrite excretion in cyanobacterium Nostoc MAC. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 12:285-287

Suzuki I, Sugiyama T, Omata T (1996). Regulation by cyanate of the genes involved in carbon and nitrogen assimilation in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. J Bacteriol 178:2688-2694

Anand N, Murugesan VSR (1996). Nitrogen fixation at night in nature. Curr Sci 70:119-120

Apte SK (1996). Inter-relationship between photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation in cyanobacteria. J Sci Ind Res 55:583-595

Chen HM, Huang TC, Chien CY (1996). Nucleotide sequence of the nifHDK operon in the aerobic nitrogen-fixing unicellular Synechococcus RF-1. Bot Bull Acad Sinica 37:99-105

Kumar A, Sinha RP, Haeder DP (1996). Effect of UV-B on enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in the cyanobacterium Nostoc calcicola. J Plant Physiol 148:86-91

Thiel T (1996). Isolation and characterization of the vnfEN genes of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. J Bacteriol 178:4493-4499

Tuli R, Naithani S, Misra HS (1996). Cyanobacterial photosynthesis and the problem of oxygen in nitrogen-fixation: A molecular genetic view. J Sci Ind Res 55:638-657

Zehr JP, Braun S, Chen Y, Mellon M (1996). Nitrogen fixation in the marine environment: Relating genetic potential to nitrogenase activity. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 203:61-73

Braune W, Doehler G (1996). 15N-uptake, influenced by UV-B radiation, and pattern of amino-acid pools during akinete germination in Anabaena variabilis (Cyanobacteria). J Basic Microbiol 36:219-227

Van DW, Hart BT (1996). Akinete differentiation in Anabaena circinalis (Cyanophyta). J Phycol 32:557-565

HYDROGEN METABOLISM

Boison G, Schmitz O, Mikheeva L, Shestakov S, Bothe H (1996). Cloning, molecular analysis and insertional mutagenesis of the bidirectional hydrogenase genes from the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. FEBS Letters 394:153-158

Gu TQ, Zhang HM, Sun SH (1996). Isolation, purification and characterization of the hydrogen evolution promoting factor of hydrogenase of Spirulina platensis. Chinese J Oceanol Limnol 14:27-30

Markov SA (1996). Efficiency of light energy conversion in hydrogen production by cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. J Mar Biotechnol 4:57-60

Markov SA, Thomas AD, Bazin MJ, Hall DO (1997). Photoproduction of hydrogen by cyanobacteria under partial vacuum in batch culture or in a photobioreactor. Int J Hydrogen Energy 22:521-524

Markov SA, Weaver P, Seibert M (1996) Hydrogen production using microorganisms in hollow-fiber bioreactors. In: Veziroglu TN, Winter CJ, Baselt JP, Kreysa G (eds) Hydrogen Energy Progress XI. International Association for Hydrogen Energy, Stuttgart

Skulberg OM (1995) Biophotolysis, hydrogen production and algal culture technology. In: Yueruem Y (ed) Hydrogen Energy System. Kluwer Academic Pub., Netherlands

Troshina OY, Serebryakova LT, Lindblad P (1996). Induction of H2-uptake and nitrogenase activities in the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413: Effects of hydrogen and organic substrate. Curr Microbiol 33:11-15

Yih W, Takeyama H, Mitsui A (1996). Hydrogen photoproduction by the synchronously grown marine unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. Miami BG 043511 under extremely high oxygen concentration. J Korean Soc Oceanogr 31:18-22

CARBON METABOLISM

Gibson JL, Tabita FR (1996). The molecular regulation of the reductive pentose phosphate pathway in proteobacteria and cyanobacteria. Arch Microbiol 166:141-150

Gleason FK (1996). Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from the cyanobacterium, Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: Purification and kinetics of redox modulation. Arch Biochem Biophys 334:277-283

Katoh A, Lee KS, Fukuzawa H, Ohyama K, Ogawa T (1996). cemA homologue essential to CO2 transport in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:4006-4010

Katoh A, Sonoda M, Katoh H, Ogawa T (1996). Absence of light-induced proton extrusion in a cotA-less mutant of Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. J Bacteriol 178:5452-5455

Kleman GL, Horken KM, Tabita FR, Strohl WR (1996). Overproduction of recombinant ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from Synechococcus sp. strain PCC6301 in glucose-controlled high-celldensity fermentations by Escherichia coli K-12. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:3502-3507

Lama L, Nicolaus B, Calandrelli V, Manca MC, Romano I, Gambacorta A (1996). Effect of growth conditions on endo- and exopolymer biosynthesis in Anabaena cylindrica 10 C. Phytochem 42:655-659

Reddy KJ, Soper BW, Tang J, Bradley RL (1996). Phenotypic variation in exopolysaccharide production in the marine, aerobic nitrogen-fixing unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 12:311-318

Tamoi M, Ishikawa T, Takeda T, Shigeoka S (1996). Enzymic and molecular characterization of NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Synechococcus PCC 7942: Resistance of the enzyme to hydrogen peroxide. Biochem J 316:685-690

Tamoi M, Ishikawa T, Takeda T, Shigeoka S (1996). Molecular characterization and resistance to hydrogen peroxide to two fructose1,6-bisphosphatases from Synechococcus PCC 7942. Arch Biochem Biophys 334:27-36

Tyrrell PN, Kandasamy RA, Crotty CM, Espie GS (1996). Ethoxyzolamide differentially inhibits CO2 uptake and Na+-independent and Na+dependent HCO3 uptake in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. UTEX 625. Plant Physiol 112:79-88

Uemura K, Suzuki Y, Shikanai T, Wadano A, Jensen RG, Chmara W, Yokota A (1996). A rapid and sensitive method for determination of relative specificity of RuBisCO from various species by anion-exchange chromatography. Plant Cell Physiol 37:325-331

Yaguchi T, Oguni A, Ouchiyama N, Igarashi Y, Kodama T (1996). A nonradioisotopic anion-exchange chromatographic method to measure the CO2/O2 specificity factor for ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 60:942-944

Zeng HP, Guo BJ (1995). Chemical studies on the polysaccharide from Spirulina platensis. Yaoxue Xuebao 30:858-861 [Chinese]

PHOTOSYNTHESIS and PHOTOSYSTEMS

Babu TS, Mohanty P (1996). Light regulation of photosynthetic apparatus in cyanobacteria. J Sci Ind Res 55:728-741

Banerjee M, Hader DP (1996). Effects of UV radiation on the rice field cyanobacterium, Aulosira fertilissima. Environ Exp Bot 36:281-291

Fujita Y (1996). Flexibility of energy conversion process in thylakoids of cyanobacteria. J Sci Ind Res 55:618-629

Gomez-Lojero C, Krogmann DW (1996). Large scale preparations of photosynthetic catalysts from cyanobacteria. Photosyn Res 47:293-299

Kumar A, Tyagi MB, Srinivas G, Singh N, Kumar HD, Sinha RP, Haeder DP (1996). UVB shielding role of FeCl3 and certain cyanobacterial pigments. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:321-325

Ochoa de Alda JAG, Tapia MI, Franck F, Llama MJ, Serra JL (1996). Changes in nitrogen source modify distribution of excitation energy in the cyanobacterium Phormidium laminosum. Physiol Plant 97:69-78

Papageorgiou GC (1996). The photosynthesis of cyanobacteria (Blue Bacteria) from the perspective of signal analysis of chlorophyll a fluorescence. J Sci Ind Res 55:596-617

Rai LC, Tyagi B, Mallick N (1996). Alternation in photosynthetic characteristics of Anabaena doliolum following exposure to UVB and Pb. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:658-663

Terjung F, Maier K, Otteken D, Meyer B, Fischer U (1996). Influence of sulfide on oxygenic photosynthesis of cyanobacteria: Investigations by chlorophyll fluorescence decay measurements. Photosynthetica 32:455-461

Wulf K, Trissl HW (1996). Competition between annihilation and trapping leads to strongly reduced yields of photochemistry under ps-flash excitation. Photosyn Res 48:255-262

Armbrust TS, Chitnis PR, Guikema JA (1996). Organization of photosystem I polypeptides examined by chemical cross-linking. Plant Physiol 111:1307-1312

Baba K, Itoh S, Hastings G, Hoshina S (1996). Photoinhibition of Photosystem I electron transfer activity in isolated Photosystem I preparations with different chlorophyll contents. Photosyn Res 47:121-130

Baumann B, Sticht H, Schaerpf M, Sutter M, Haehnel W, Roesch P (1996). Structure of Synechococcus elongatus (Fe2S2) ferredoxin in solution. Biochem 35:12831-12841

Chitnis VP, Jung YS, Albee L, Golbeck JH, Chitnis PR (1996). Mutational analysis of photosystem I polypeptides: Role of PsaD and the lysyl106 residue in the reductase activity of photosystem I. J Biol Chem 271:11772-11780

Fromme P, Witt HT, Schubert WD, Klukas O, Saenger W, Krauss N (1996). Structure of Photosystem I at 4.5 _ resolution: A short review including evolutionary aspects. Biochim Biophys Acta 1275:76-83

Hanley J, Setif P, Bottin H, Lagoutte B (1996). Mutagenesis of photosystem I in the region of the ferredoxin cross-linking site: Modifications of positively charged amino acids. Biochem 35:8563-8571

Heathcote P, Moenne-Loccoz P, Rigby SEJ, Evans MCW (1996). Photoaccumulation in photosystem I does product a phylloquinone (A1.-) radical. Biochem 35:6644-6650

Jekow P, Schubert WD, Fromme P, Kruip J, Chitnis PR, Roegner M, Saenger W (1996). Crystallization of intact and subunit L-deficient monomers from Synechocystis PCC 6803 photosystem I. Z Naturforsch C 51:195-199

Karrasch S, Typke D, Walz T, Miller M, Tsiotis G, Engel A (1996). Highly ordered two-dimensional crystals of photosystem I reaction center from Synechococcus sp.: Functional and structural analyses. J Mol Biol 262:336-348

Klevanik A (1996). Magnetic-field effects on primary reactions in Photosystem I. Biochim Biophys Acta 1275:237-243

Mac M, Tang XS, Diner BA, McCraken J, Babcock GT (1996). Identification of histidine as an axial ligand to P-700. Biochem 35:13288-13293

Makewicz A, Radunz A, Schmid GH (1996). Comparative immunological detection of lipids and carotenoids on peptides of Photosystem I from higher plants and cyanobacteria. Z Naturforsch C 51:319-328

Olson JM (1996). Iron-sulfur-type reaction centers. Introduction. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:1-4

Palsson LO, Dekker JP, Schlodder E, Monshouwer R, Van GR (1996). Polarized site-selective fluorescence spectroscopy of the long-wavelength emitting chlorophylls in isolated Photosystem I particles of Synechococcus elongatus. Photosyn Res 48:239-246

Rigby SEJ, Evans MCW, Heathcote P (1996). ENDOR and special triple resonance spectroscopy of A-1.- of photosystem 1. Biochem 35:66516656

Schluchter WM, Shen G, Zhao J, Bryant DA (1996). Characterization of psaI and psaL mutants of Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002: A new model for state transitions in cyanobacteria. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:53-66

Trinkunas G, Holzwarth AR (1996). Kinetic modeling of exciton migration in photosynthetic systems. 3. Application of genetic algorithms to simulations of excitation dynamics in three-dimensional photosystem I core antenna/reaction center complexes. Biophys J 71:351-364

Burda K, Schmid GH (1996). On the determination of the S-state distribution in the Kok model. Z Naturforsch C 51:329-341

Campbell D, Bruce D, Carpenter C, Gustafsson P, Oquist G (1996). Two forms of the Photosystem II D1 protein alter energy dissipation and state

transitions in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942. Photosyn Res 47:131-144

Campbell D, Oquist G (1996). Predicting light acclimation in cyanobacteria from nonphotochemical quenching of photosystem II fluorescence, which reflects state transitions in these organisms. Plant Physiol 111:1293-1298

Constant S, Perewoska I, Nedbal L, Miranda T, Etienne AL, Kirilovsky D (1996). A new phenotype for a herbicide resistant mutant of Synechocystis 6714 with a high sensitivity to photoinhibition. Plant Sci 115:165-174

Delphin E, Duval JC, Etienne AL, Kirilovsky D (1996). State transitions or DpH-dependent quenching of photosystem II fluorescence in red algae. Biochem 35:9435-9445

Huner NPA, Maxwell DP, Gray GR, Savitch L V, Krol M, Ivanov AG, Falk S (1996). Sensing environmental temperature change through imbalances between energy supply and energy consumption: Redox state of photosystem II. Physiol Plant 98:358-364

Kretschmann H, Schlodder E, Wit HT (1996). Net charge oscillation and proton release during water oxidation in photosynthesis. An electrochromic band shift study at pH 5.5-7.-0. Biochim Biophys Acta 1274:1-8

Ma C, Barry BA (1996). Electron paramagnetic resonance characterization of tyrosine radical, M+, in site-directed mutants of photosystem II-t. Biophys J 71:1961-1972

Michel KP, Thole HH, Pistorius EK (1996). IdiA, a 34 kDa protein in the cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. strains PCC 6301 and PCC 7942, is required for growth under iron and manganese limitations. Microbiol (UK) 142:2635-2645

Narusaka Y, Murakami A, Saeki M, Kobayashi H, Satoh K (1996). Preliminary characterization of a photo-tolerant mutant of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 obtained by in vitro random mutagenesis of psbA2. Plant Sci 115:261-266

Nedunchezhian N, Kulandaivelu G (1996). Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation in the CO2 fixation, photosystem II activity and spectroscopic properties of the wild and mutant Anacystis cells. Acta Physiol Plant 18:39-45

Nonnengiesser K, Schuster A, Koenig F (1996). Carotenoids and reaction center II-D1 protein in light regulation of the photosynthetica apparatus in Aphanocapsa. Bot Acta 109:115-124

Papageorgiou GC, Alygizaki-Zorba A, Loukas S, Brody SS (1996). Photodynamic effects of hypericin on photosynthetic electron transport and fluorescence of Anacystis nidulans (Synechococcus 6301). Photosyn Res 48:221-226

Patzlaff JS, Barry BA (1996). Pigment quantitation and analysis by HPLC reverse phase chromatography: A characterization of antenna size in oxygen-evolving photosystem II preparations for cyanobacteria and plants. Biochem 35:7802-7811

Tyystjarvi T, Mulo P, Maenpaa P, Aro EM (1996). D1 polypeptide degradation may regulate psbA gene expression at transcriptional and translational levels in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Photosyn Res 47:111-120

Vass I, Govindjee (1996). Thermoluminescence from the photosynthetic apparatus. Photosyn Res 48:117-126

Vermaas WFJ, Shen G, Ohad I (1996). Chimaeric CP47 mutants of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 carrying spinach sequences: Construction and function. Photosyn Res 48:147-162

Xiong J, Subramaniam S, Govindjee (1996). Modeling of the D1/D2 proteins and cofactors of the photosystem II reaction center: Implications for herbicide and bicarbonate binding. Protein Sci 5:2054-2073

PHYCOBILISOMES and OTHER PIGMENTS

Chernenko VY, Kyryushyn A V, Lukash LL (1996). Phycobiliprotein pigments for biomolecules. 1. Preparative fractionation and spectral characteristics. Biopolimery i Kletka 12:88-93 (Ukranian)

Edwards MR, Maccoll R, Eisele LE (1996). Some physical properties of an unusual C-phycocyanin isolated from a photosynthetic thermophile. Biochim Biophys Acta 1276:64-70

Gantt E (1996). Pigment protein complexes and the concept of the photosynthetic unit: Chlorophyll complexes and phycobilisomes. Photosyn Res 48:47-53

Kehoe DM, Grossman AR (1996). Similarity of a chromatic adaptation sensor to phytochrome and ethylene receptors. Science 273:1409-1412

Lao K, Glazer AN (1996). Ultraviolet-B photodestruction of a lightharvesting complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:5258-5263

Roth LG, Berns DS, Chen CH (1996). Comparative thermodynamic elucidation of the structural stability of thermophilic proteins. Biophys Chem 60:89-97 (phycocyanin)

Wang G, Zhou BC, Tseng CK (1996). The excitation energy transfer in an artificial R-phycoerythrin-allophycocyanin conjugate. Photosynthetica 32:609-612

Zhao DX, Rong SY, Fang ZX (1996). Studies on the energy transfer from phycobilisome to thylakoid membrane of cyanobacteria. Acta Bot Sinica 38:216-222 (Chinese)

Addlesee HA, Gibson LCD, Jensen PE, Hunter CN (1996). Cloning, sequencing and functional assignment of the chlorophyll biosynthesis gene, chlP, of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. FEBS Letters 389:126-130

Bollivar DW, Beale SI (1996). The chlorophyll biosynthetic enzyme Mgprotoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester (oxidative) cyclase. Plant Physiol 112:105-114

Fujita Y, Takagi H, Hase T (1996). Identification of the chlB gene and the gene product essential for the light-independent chlorophyll biosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Plectonema boryanum. Plant Cell Physiol 37:313-323

Gilbert SM, Allison GG, Rogers LJ, Smith AJ (1996). Expression of genes involved in phycocyanin biosynthesis following recovery of Synechococcus PCC 6301 from nitrogen starvation, and the effect of gabaculine on cpcBa transcript levels. FEMS Microbiol Lett 140:93-98

Hughes J, Lamparter T, Mittmann F, Hartmann E, Gaertner W, Wilde A, Boerner T (1997). A prokaryotic phytochrome. Nature 386:663

Jensen PE, Gibson LCD, Henningsen KW, Hunter CN (1996). Expression of the chlI, chlD, and chlH genes from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803 in Escherichia coli and demonstration that the three cognate proteins are required for magnesium-protoporphyrin chelatase activity. J Biol Chem 271:16662-16667

Kim JS, Jeon EK, Park YM, Chang NK (1996). Relation between pigment contents and photosystem 1 in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Photosynthetica 32:587-594

Merzlyak MN, Pogosyan SI, Lehimena L, Zhigalova TV, Khozina IF, Cohen Z, Khrushchev SS (1996). Spectral characteristics of chlorophyll

photooxidation products in a solution and as a result of photodamage of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. Fiziologiya Rastenii (Moscow) 43:186-195 (Russian)

Reinbothe S, Reinbothe C, Apel K, Lebedev N (1996). Evolution of chlorophyll biosynthesis-the challenge to survive photooxidation. Cell 86:703-705

Smith CA, Suzuki JY, Bauer CE (1996). Cloning and characterization of the chlorophyll biosynthesis gene chlM from Synechocystis PCC 6803 by complementation of a bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis mutant of Rhodobacter capsulatus. Plant Molec Biol 30:1307-1314

ELECTRON TRANSPORT and BIOENERGETICS

Koike H, Satoh K (1996). Respiration and photosynthetic electron transport system in cyanobacteria-recent advances. J Sci Ind Res 55:564-582

Peschek GA (1996). Cytochrome oxidase and the cta operon of cyanobacteria. Biochim Biophys Acta 1275:27-32

Wagner MJ, Packer JCL, Howe CJ, Bendall DS (1996). Some characteristics of cytochrome f in the cyanobacterium Phormidium laminosum: Its sequence and charge properties in the reaction with plastocyanin. Biochim Biophys Acta 1276:246-252

Genzor CG, Beldarrain A, Gomez-Moreno C, Lopez-Lacomba JL, Cortijo M,

Sancho J (1996). Conformational stability of apoflavodoxin. Protein Sci 5:1376-1388

Hibino T, Lee BH, Yajima T, Odani A, Yamauchi O, Takabe T (1996). Kinetic and cross-linking studies on the interactions of negative patch mutant plastocyanin from Silene pratensis with photosystem I complexes from cyanobacteria, green algae and plants. J Biochem 120:556-563

Hurley JK, Schmeits JL, Genzor C, Gomez-Moreno C, Tollin G (1996). Charge reversal mutations in a conserved acidic patch in Anabaena ferredoxin can attenuate or enhance electron transfer to ferredoxin:NADP+ reductase by altering protein/protein orientation within the intermediate complex. Arch Biochem Biophys 333:243-250

Lelong C, Boekema EJ, Kruip J, Bottin H, Roegner M, Setif P (1996). Characterization of a redox active cross-linked complex between cyanobacterial photosystem I and soluble ferredoxin. EMBO J 15:21602168

Razquin P, Fillat MF, Schmitz S, Stricker O, Bohme H, Gomez-Moreno C, Peleato ML (1996). Expression of ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase in heterocysts from Anabaena sp. Biochem J 316:157-160

Searle MS, Zerella R, Williams DH, Packman LC (1996). Native-like betahairpin structure in an isolated fragment from ferredoxin: NMR and CD studies of solvent effects on the N-terminal 20 residues. Protein Eng 9:559-565

Serre L, Vellieux FMD, Medina M, Gomez-Moreno C, Fontecilla-Camps JC, Frey M (1996). X-ray structure of the ferredoxin:NADP+ reductase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7119 at 1.8_ resolution, and crystallographic studies of NADP+ binding at 2.25 _ resolution. J Mol Biol 263:20-39

Vidakovic M, Germanas JP (1996). Electrostatic effects in electron transfer reactions of (2Fe-2S) ferredoxins with inorganic reagents. Protein Sci 5:1793-1799

Bakels RHA, van Wielink JE, Krab K, van Walraven HS (1996). The effect of sulfite on the ATP hydrolysis and synthesis activities in chloroplasts and cyanobacterial membrane vesicles can be explained by competition with phosphate. Arch Biochem Biophys 332:170-174

Howitt CA, Whelan J, Price GD, Day DA (1996). Cloning, analysis and inactivation of the ndhK gene encoding a subunit of NADH quinone oxidoreductase from Anabaena PCC 7120. Eur J Biochem 240:173-180

Mohapatra PK, Schubert H, Schiewer U (1996). Short term toxicity effect of dimethoate on transthylakoid pH gradient of intact Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 57:722-728

Scholts MJC, Aardewijn P, van Walraven HS (1996). Membrane vesicles from Synechocystis 6803 showing proton and electron transport and high ATP synthase activities. Photosyn Res 47:301-305

Moezelaar R, Bijvank SM, Stal LJ (1996). Fermentation and sulfur reduction in the mat-building cyanobacterium Microcoleus chthonoplastes. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1752-1758

MOLECULAR GENETICS, EPISOMES, AND METABOLISM OF MACROMOLECULES

Fan L, Devi KS, Chitnis VP, Chitnis PR (1996). Molecular genetics of cyanobacteria: New avenues in biotechnology. J Sci Ind Res 55:555-563

Kaneko T, Matsubayashi T, Sugita M, Sugiura M (1996). Physical and gene maps of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC6301 genome. Plant Molec Biol 31:193-201

Brahamsha B (1996). A genetic manipulation system for oceanic cyanobacteria of the genus Synechococcus. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1747-1751

Howitt CA (1996). Amplification of DNA from whole cells of cyanobacteria using PCR. Biotechniques 21:32,34

Muehlenhoff U, Chauvat F (1996). Gene transfer and manipulation in the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Mol Gen Genet 252:93-100

Anandan S, Nalty MS, Cogdell DE, Golden SS (1996). Identification of two classes of transcriptional regulator genes in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. Arch Microbiol 166:58-63

Kuo LY, Cech TR (1996). Conserved thermochemistry of guanosine nucleophile binding for structurally distinct group I ribozymes. Nucl Acids Res 24:3722-3727

Pascual A, Vioque A (1996). Cloning purification and characterization of the protein subunit of ribonuclease P from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Eur J Biochem 241:17-24

Sode K, Hatano N, Tatara M (1996). Cloning of a marine cyanobacterial promoter for foreign gene expression using a promoter probe vector. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 59:349-360

Hammouda O (1996). Effect of heat shock on DNA-dependent RNA polymerase from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. Folia Microbiol 41:357-362

Kaneko T, Sato S, Kotani H, Tanaka A, Asamizu E, Nakamura Y, Miyajima N, Hirosawa M, Sugiura M, Sasamoto S, Kimura T, Hosouchi T, Matsuno A, Muraki A, Nakazaki N, Naruo K, Okumura S, Shimpo S, Takeuchi C, Wada T, Watanabe A, Yamada M, Yasuda M, Tabata S (1996). Sequence analysis of the genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. II. Sequence determination of the entire genome and assignment of potential protein-coding regions. DNA Res 3:109-136

Kaneko T, Sato S, Kotani H, Tanaka A, Asamizu E, Nakamura Y, Miyajima N, Hirosawa M, Sugiura M, Sasamoto S, Kimura T, Hosouchi T, Matsuno A, Muraki A, Nakazaki N, Naruo K, Okumura S, Shimpo S, Takeuchi C, Wada T, Watanabe A, Yamada M, Yasuda M, Tabata S (1996). Sequence analysis of the genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. II. Sequence determination of the entire genome and assignment of potential protein-coding regions (supplement). DNA Res 3:185-209

Kaneko T, Tanaka A, Sato S, Kotani H, Sazuka T, Miyajima N, Sugiura M, Tabata S (1995). Sequence analysis of the genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. I. Sequence features in the 1 Mb region from map positions 64% to 92% of the genome (supplement). DNA Res 2:191-198

Liu Y, Tsinoremas NF (1996). An unusual gene arrangement for the putative chromosome replication origin and circadian expression of dnaN in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. Gene (Amsterdam) 172:105-109

Masephol B, Gorlitz K, Bohme H (1996). Long tandemly repeated repetitive (LTRR) sequences in the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120. Biochim Biophys Acta 1307:26-30

Piechula S, Piosik J, Bielawski K, Podhajska AJ (1996). Isolation and characterization of the restriction endonuclease PpeI from Phormidium persicinum. Molec Biotechnol 5:97-99

Sarma TA, Singh DP (1996). Temperature-sensitive photosynthesis-deficient mutants of Anabaena variabilis show enhanced ultraviolet sensitivity and loss of repair mechanism. Folia Microbiol 41:181-186

Fujishiro T, Kaneko T, Sugiura M, Sugita M (1996). Organization and transcription of a putative gene cluster encoding ribosomal protein S14 and an oligopeptide permease-like protein in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 6301. DNA Res 3:165-169

Berges JA, Falkowski PG (1996). Cell-associated proteolytic enzymes from marine phytoplankton. J Phycol 32:566-574

Clarke AK, Eriksson MJ (1996). The cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp.

PCC 7942 possesses a close homologue to the chloroplast ClpC protein of higher plants. Plant Molec Biol 31:721-730

Cranenburgh RM, Robinson NJ (1996). Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase gene, pheT, from Synechococcus PCC 7942. J Appl Phycol 8:81-82

Howell LD, Griffiths C, Slade LW, Potts M, Kennelly PJ (1996). Substrate specificity of IphP, a cyanobacterial dual-specificity protein phosphatase with MAP kinase phosphatase activity. Biochem 35:75667572

Umeda H, Aiba H, Mizuno T (1996). somA, a novel gene that encodes a major outer-membrane protein of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942. Microbiol (UK) 142:2121-2128

Koltukova NV, Lysenko TG, Mendzhul MI, Perepelitsa SI, Shainskaya OA (1996). Certain physicochemical properties of proteolytic complexes of intact and cyanophage-infected culture Plectonema boryanum. Mikrobiol Zhurn 58:50-57 (Russian)

Mendzhul MI, Koltukova NV, Lysenko TG, Shainskaya OA, Perepelitsa SI (1995). Effect of reproduction of cyanophage LPP-3 on activity of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthetase in the cells of cyanobacterium Plectonema boryanum. Ukrain Biokhim Zhur 67:33-38 (Russian)

Ohki K, Fujita Y (1996). Occurrence of a temperate cyanophage lysogenizing the marine cyanophyte Phormidium persicinum. J Phycol 32:365-370

Wilson WH, Carr NG, Mann NH (1996). The effect of phosphate status on the kinetics of cyanophage infection in the oceanic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803. J Phycol 32:506-516

APPLIED CYANOBACTERIOLOGY

Allnutt FCT (1996). Cyanobacterial (bluegreen algal) biotechnology: Past, present and future. J Sci Ind Res 55:693-714

Cecal AL, Rudic V, Gulea A, Palamaru I, Humelnicu D, Goanta M, Salaru V V (1995). Purification of some radioactive effluents by means of microorganisms. Rev Roumaine Biochim 32:9-12

Dubost N, Masson G, Moreteau JC (1996). Temperate freshwater fouling on floating net cages: Method of evaluation, model and composition. Aquacult 143:303-318

Hall DO, Markov SA,Watanabe Y, Rao KK (1995). The potential applications of cyanobacteria for clean technologies. Photosyn Res 46:159-167

Patterson GML (1996). Biotechnological applications of cyanobacteria. J Sci Ind Res 55:669-684

Suzuki T, Miyake M, Tokiwa Y, Saegusa H, Saito T, Asada Y (1996). A recombinant cyanobacterium that accumulates poly-(hydroxybutyrate). Biotechnol Lett 18:1047-1050

Tsoglin LN, Gabel' B V, Fal'kovich TN, Semenenko VE (1996). Closed photobioreactors for cultivating microalgae. Fiziologiya Rastenii (Moscow) 43:149-155 (Russian)

Uma D, Kannaiyan S (1996). Effect of the systemic fungicide, Bavistin on the nitrogen status of cyanobacteria under immobilized state in polyurethane foam. S Afr J Bot 62:127-132

Chandra S, Kehri HK (1995). Microbial technology for wasteland development. Proc Natl Acad Sci India B 65:123-145

Deluca TH, Drinkwater LE, Wiefling BA, Denicola DM (1996). Free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria in temperate cropping systems: Influence of nitrogen source. Biol Fertil Soils 23:140-144

Rueda Jasso RA (1996). Nutritional effect of three microalgae and one cyanobacteria on the culture of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis Mueller: 1786. Ciencias Marinas 22:313-328 (Spanish)

Sabater C, Carrasco JM (1996). Effects of thiobencarb on the growth of three species of phytoplankton. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 56:977984

Sakamoto K, Okimasu E, Amemura A (1996). Isolation of a microalga, Synechocystis sp. SY-4, potentially useful as a rotifer feed. J Ferment Bioeng 82:157-160

Singh S, Prasad R, Sharma SN (1995). Effect of blue green algae, nitrogen levels and modified urea materials on yield attributes and yield of wetland rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J Agron 40:594-597

Sinha RP, Haeder DP (1996). Response of a rice field cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. to physiological stressors. Environ Exp Bot 36:147-155

Bolsunovskii AY, Zotina TA (1996). Effect of salinity on the growth of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis in mono- and mixed cultures. Mikrobiol 65:421-422 (Russian)

Chauhan VS, Ramamurthy V (1996). Enhanced Spirulina growth in outdoor ponds correlates with daily reduction in oxygen production rate. Bioproc Eng 15:9-12

Gladyshev MI, Sushchik NN, Kalacheva GS (1996). Extra-cellular free fatty acids in batch culture of Spirulina platensis at increased and decreased temperature. Dokl Akad Nauk 347:834-836 (Russian)

Li X, Yuan X, Wu K, Su J (1996). Effect of Spirulina on serum lipid in experimental hyperlipidemic rats. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica 18:206-208 (Chinese)

Qiang H, Richmond A (1996). Productivity and photosynthetic efficiency of

Spirulina platensis as affected by light intensity, algal density and rate of mixing in a flat plate photobioreactor. J Appl Phycol 8:139145

Qureshi MA, Ali RA (1996). Spirulina platensis exposure enhances macrophage phagocytic function in cats. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 18:457-463

Qureshi MA, Garlich JD, Kidd MT (1996). Dietary Spirulina platensis enhances humoral and cell-mediated immune functions in chickens. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 18:465-476

Qureshi MA, Kidd MT, Ali RA (1995). Spirulina platensis extract enhances chicken macrophage functions after in vitro exposure. J Nutr Immunol 3:35-45

Ramamoorthy A, Premakumari S (1996). Effect of supplementation of Spirulina on hypercholesterolemic patients. J Food Sci Technol 33:124-127

Salazar M, Chamorro GA, Salazar S, Steele CE (1996). Effect of Spirulina maxima consumption on reproduction and peri- and postnatal development in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 34:353-359

Vonshak A, Chanawongse L, Bunnag B, Tanticharoen M (1996). Light acclimation and photoinhibition in three Spirulina platensis (cyanobacteria) isolates. J Appl Phycol 8:35-40

Dash AK, Mishra PC (1996). Changes in pigment and protein content of Westiellopsis prolifica, a blue-green alga grown in paper mill waste water. Microbios 85:257-266

Krasovskii GN, Egorova NA (1996). Methodology of choosing the priority parameters of water bodies pollution with oil-containing waste waters. Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaya Ekologiya:26-29 (Russian)

Lincoln EP, Wilkie AC, French BT (1996). Cyanobacterial process for renovating dairy wastewater. Biomass Bioenerg 10:63-68

Rose PD, Maart BA, Dunn KM, Rowswell RA, Britz P (1996). High rate algal oxidation ponding for the treatment of tannery effluents. Water Sci Technol 33:219-227

Subramanian G, Uma L (1996). Cyanobacteria in pollution control. J Sci Ind Res 55:685-692

Sylvestre S, Lessard P, de la Noue J (1996). Removal performance of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds by a photobioreactor using a biomass of cyanobacteria Phormidium bohneri. Environ Technol 17:697706 (French)

Vlaski A, Van BAN, Alaerts GJ (1996). Optimisation of coagulation conditions for the removal of cyanobacteria by dissolved air flotation or sedimentation. Aqua 45:253-261

Yusoff FM, Om AD, Cheah SH (1996). Use of agro-industry effluent in augmenting microalgae production and fish fry growth in hatchery tanks. J Aquacult Tropics 11:119-126

Hu Q, Guterman H, Richmond A (1996). A flat inclined modular photobioreactor for outdoor mass cultivation of photoautotrophs. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 51:51-60

Sathiyamoorthy P, Shanmugasundaram S (1993). A low-cost culture vessel for cyanobacterial mass production. J Microb Biotechnol 8:51-55

Sathiyamoorthy P, Shanmugasundaram S (1994). A low-cost bioreactor for cyanobacterial biomass production. Bioresource Technol 49:279-280

Sathiyamoorthy P, Shanmugasundaram S (1995). Experimental design for optimization of cyanobacterial biomass production

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